The most popular policy favors the domestic paper

2022-07-23
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The policy favors the domestic paper industry (II)

this means that the capital investment of a basic paper-making enterprise is at least RMB 1.5 billion to RMB 6billion (pulp and paper mills can be built separately). After the 1990s, the scale of newly-built pulp enterprises in the world was generally more than 500000 tons, and the capacity of paper-making enterprises was more than 350000 tons. By contrast, the capacity base and capital strength of domestic enterprises are extremely weak. " Zhao Wei also pointed out: "in recent years, the average annual investment of China's paper industry is only more than 10 billion yuan, which is far from the actual demand. Among them, the financing channels and methods have become the most urgent problems to be solved."

in addition to the initial investment, raw materials are of great importance to the sustainable development of papermaking enterprises. Guoyongxin told us that the proportion of raw materials in the cost of paper products almost accounts for more than 1/2. The raw material cutting radius of Nordic paper enterprises is usually about 30 km, while that of domestic enterprises can sometimes reach 1000 km. The cost is unimaginable

according to the analysis of insiders, the successful operation of Jinguang group in the Chinese market has a lot to do with the fact that the raw materials come from the pulp plant within the Indonesian group and the transportation distance is ideal. However, Stora Enso's Suzhou Zixing plant still suffers losses, which is not unrelated to the high price of imported raw materials

therefore, whether local materials can be obtained plays an important role in stabilizing the source of raw materials, reducing the overall cost and ensuring the cash flow of the paper industry. Therefore, almost all the paper-making enterprises have set their sights on the few areas in China where paper-making forests can be planted: the fast-growing and high-yield forests of Jinguang group in Hainan and Guangdong and Guangxi have become green; The letter of intent for Stora Enso afforestation has been signed; Sunka from UPM also disclosed to that they are also considering investing in forestry in China

in order to support the domestic paper industry, the national development and Reform Commission and other ministries and commissions have organized experts for many times to draft the China forestry paper integration plan. What is meaningful is that the preferential policies for the project, which is vital to the future development of paper enterprises in China, which still lacks such a guarantee system, are only for domestic enterprises. According to guoyongxin, who participated in the formulation of the plan in the whole process, the use of wood in the "forest paper integration project" will reduce the raw material cost of paper enterprises by more than 1/3. This virtually adds a lot of strength to the "heavy wings" of domestic enterprises

in the face of preferential policies, foreign-funded enterprises remain confident. Sunka said: "at present, the world's paper-making poplar is the most prolific tree species with the shortest growth cycle, which also needs a 5-year growth cycle. Whether it can wait until the harvest day in 5 years is a problem that China's small and medium-sized paper-making enterprises need to face." Yaoxusheng, general manager of Jinguang group in China, is also outspoken: "preferential policies are not the fundamental factor for the development of enterprises. The key lies in the core competitiveness of enterprises. Within 10 years, the industry leader will still be us."

good and risk go hand in hand

in addition to the policy preference of "forest paper integration", the good policy is that the sensor industry of paper industry is one of the "six and a half" industries enjoying the discount support of national debt, such as electromechanical and textile industries. Up to now, 21 national debt technical transformation projects have been implemented in the paper industry, with a total investment of 14billion yuan, including 8.2 billion yuan in loans. Liruodong of Shandong Chenming said: "the support of the state for leading enterprises will certainly drive the development of the industry."

but the risk still exists. Insiders pointed out that at present, most foreign-funded enterprises have established a firm foothold in China, And identified the line "This has brought designers an advantage in the design freedom industry. Large domestic enterprise groups are also gradually maturing in the competition with foreign investors by using PET aerogel coated with flame retardant as lining material. At this time, there is a high threshold for investment in this industry. Starting from scratch means a huge investment in capital, manpower and time. It is also difficult to develop the market in the future. Guoyongxin reminded that the equipment of paper enterprises should be designed, installed and tested It takes a long time to install the car. Generally, it takes only 1 year to install the car, which affects the speed of new enterprises' products entering the market; In addition, due to differences in recognition, new domestic paper products are generally 2 to 3 years later than the international market. Therefore, enterprises should carefully select paper products and technologies according to their own investment and construction process and future market conditions. If the scientific research can keep up with the world and the products can keep pace with the world, it will be very beneficial to the return on investment. He suggested that light weight coated paper and super calendered paper, which are the fastest growing in the world, have good investment value

sunka of UPM believes that it is a good strategy to make full use of its relative foreign investment channels and network advantages to settle in the industry merger and reorganization in view of the characteristics of domestic enterprises with small scale but long operation period

in fact, as one of the few industries with rapid growth in the domestic market, the capital operation of the paper industry is in full swing. Sunka made it clear that the second phase of UPM Sichuan's project in Changshu has started, and upon completion, it will increase its production capacity by 450000 tons; Stora Enso was also approved to build a 450000 ton production line in Zixing, Suzhou; Liruodong, the largest Shandong Chenming Paper Group in China, told that the company is preparing to build a 250000-300000 ton paper mill and a 150000-200000 ton supporting pulp mill in Jiangxi, and strive to reach the production scale of 400000 tons of high-grade paper in 2005. (end)

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